Marie Antoinette. Bildnis eines mittleren Charakters eBook

Marie Antoinette. Bildnis eines mittleren Charakters Die Schilderung des Lebens Marie Antoinettes, der Tochter Maria Theresias, gleicht der Besichtigung eines Zeitalters am Vorabend der Neuen Zeit Dokumentarisch belegte Geschichte wird dabei erz hlt, die Heldin weder glorifiziert noch untersch tzt Vielmehr wird sie innerhalb des Rahmens ihrer Zeit, des Rokoko, als eine Frau mit all ihrer Vergn gungssucht und Lebenslust gezeichnet Die letzte franz sische K nigin, zu sp t auf ihre politische Aufgabe vorbereitet, zu sp t auch zu ihr bereit und mit einem schwachen, biederen Mann verheiratet, w chst mit den Anforderungen, die an sie gestellt werden So geht sie, ein mittlerer Charakter, zun chst verspielt, dann immer bewu ter geradlinig ihren Weg vom Schlo Sch nbrunn ber den Trianon bis zur letzten Fahrt auf die Place de la Concorde, zur Guillotine I read this when I was fourteen It was my first proof based biography not the embellished stories of great people written to inspire young readers and it opened my eyes. I ve now read three different types of books by Zweig a novella Chess Story , a memoir The World of Yesterday and this biography Though I mlikely to read another of his novellas instead of another of his biographies, against expectation, I found this the most entertaining of the three books, but also the most problematic.It s written in a very engaging style though with too many exclamation points for my taste and I zipped through it as I neared the end Unlike with his memoir, in w I ve now read three different types of books by Zweig a novella Chess Story , a memoir The World of Yesterday and this biography Though I mlikely to read another of his novellas instead of another of his biographies, against expectation, I found this the most entertaining of the three books, but also the most problematic.It s written in a very engaging style though with too many exclamation points for my taste and I zipped through it as I neared the end Unlike with his memoir, in which there is an unusual distance between the writer and the reader again contradicting expectation there is no distance here Zweig is upfront in his opinions and self assured in his psychological dissection of Marie Antoinette and her contemporaries Phrases like girlish trivialities, the premonition of a true sexual awakening and the tender emotion read as blanket statements At the first mention of Marie Antoinette s letters to Count von Fersen, Zweig concludes with this extraordinary for him in relation to his subject, that is sentence These letters modify our whole outlook upon the character of a woman hitherto regarded as light minded and I laughed out loud Before the Revolution, Zweig portrays the Queen as unseeing and frivolous, never malicious, and the king as unseeing and ineffective, both focusing on their private lives and practically nothing on the issues of the day Though Zweig seems to respect Marie Antoinetteas time goes on, if she is what he considers an average woman as his subtitle and some of his comments state I feel demeaned.Zweig excels at synthesizing vast amounts of information and details His storytelling skills shine, so much so that certain passages, such as the thoughts he puts in Marie Antoinette s head, especially near the end of her life, read as historical fiction He writes of regrets in the secret hearts of most of the deputies who had voted to execute the king He talks of the sentries hiding the sympathy they felt for the prisoners despite what the royalist memoirs tell us, but says nothing of what leads him to his own conclusion of the common folk s solicitude Wondering several times where his information came from, I became frustrated In his afterword he explains what sources he has not used, and why.Occasionally he assumes knowledge from his readership that no longer commonly exists Translation is not always provided, not much of an issue except in the cases of lyrics of scurrilous songs and the lengthier passages from letters That is not a criticism but an observation on how writing and reading has changed from Zweig s time.Alain Robbe Grillet is famous for saying that psychology was the worst thing to happen to the novel I recently read that paraphrase in An Unnecessary Woman , but I m positive Zweig believed it to be the best thing that happened to any kind of writing The writings of Stefan Zweig, who died over 70 years ago, are now enjoying a sort of resurgence as they are being published again and are being introduced to new generations of readers Personally, I have now read four of his works this year including this biography, his autobiography, The World of Yesterday, and two works of fiction, Chess Story and Fantastic Night Other Stories In all these works, Zweig proves himself to be an excellent storyteller He can write well and he has made the lif The writings of Stefan Zweig, who died over 70 years ago, are now enjoying a sort of resurgence as they are being published again and are being introduced to new generations of readers Personally, I have now read four of his works this year including this biography, his autobiography, The World of Yesterday, and two works of fiction, Chess Story and Fantastic Night Other Stories In all these works, Zweig proves himself to be an excellent storyteller He can write well and he has made the life of Marie Antoinette very interesting to one who is not at all expert in French history.The early years of her life as Queen are not dealt with kindly but then it does not appear that there was much to be kind about Noblesse oblige ruled the day with the royalty of France and MA certainly participated in that rule She liked to buzz hither and thither, to be always beginning some new task which she would never finish, to be continually occupied without any serious exertion she loved to feel that time was not standing still with her, or that she was out running time To be quick at her meals, content perhaps with eating a sweetmeat or two to sleep only for a short time, never to think long, to be perpetually on the go, frittering away her days such were her desires the twenty years, or rather less, during which Marie Antoinette was Queen were characterized by an unceasing movement in an orbit around her own ego Since, outside this orbit, she had no goal, nor any inward conviction of an an aim, from the human and political standpoint she was circling in the void p 81 As for the contrast between the king and queen He was heavy, she was light he was inert, she was mobile he was dull, she was sparkling his nerves were obtuse, hers were sensitive.He was irresolute, she was quick to make up her mind he was strictly religious, she was in love with things of this world he was modest and unassuming, she was coquettishly self assertive he was pedantic, she was frivolous he was thrifty, she was extravagant pp 82 83 These character points would eventually come home to haunt the Queen, though she likely did not understand why There are amazing descriptions of her spending excesses, all paid for by the people of France who were suffering.Only twenty years later, after the maternal warnings of Maria Theresa in writing from Vienna or through her helpers went unheeded, did MA change when the Revolution forced change upon herTribulation first makes one realize what one is this touching phrase, a sign that the writer had been profoundly shaken, now appeared in one of her letters For two decades no warnings, not those of her mother nor those of her friends, had any effect upon this defiant spirit Sorrow and suffering were her first teachers, the only possible ones for a woman otherwise unteachable p 270 Unlike modern biographies and histories, there are no footnotes to this text nor is there a bibliography Zweig does provide an endnote as to how he made the decision as to which letters to consider valid and which to consider fraudulent Zweig also spends considerable time and effort on analyzing the psychology of the times and persons involved He did live in the the time of, and was acquainted with, Freud Whether this influenced his text is left to the reader to decide.As for myself, I have decided that I shall label Zweig s work an interpretive biography He does build on sources that cannot be checked but he also provides an extremely readable history of the French Revolution from the royals point of view, culminating with the death of Marie Antoinette I recommend it with the caveat that it be combined with other historical works This book is the most complete biography of Marie Antoinette I have ever read.First at all, the author made a huge research work in order to bring the historical facts which surrounded the Marie Antoinette s life.In the first part of the book, Antoinette is described as a young monarch which her main concern, once she married Louis XVI, is to enjoy life as much as possible In the meantime, the Habsburgs are trying to guide her destiny specially when she became Queen of France Due to Louis im This book is the most complete biography of Marie Antoinette I have ever read.First at all, the author made a huge research work in order to bring the historical facts which surrounded the Marie Antoinette s life.In the first part of the book, Antoinette is described as a young monarch which her main concern, once she married Louis XVI, is to enjoy life as much as possible In the meantime, the Habsburgs are trying to guide her destiny specially when she became Queen of France Due to Louis impotence in the first years of their marriage, her brother Joseph acted as a counselor in order to save the alliance with France.The affair of the diamond necklace was a real disaster to the queen s reputation Alexandre Dumas in his The Queen s Necklace portrayed in full detail this scandal in the court of Louis XVI.With this affair, the queen credibility was put in charge thus provoking eventhe hate of the French people.This historical fact is responsible for the advent of the French Revolution.In the meantime, the book also describes her love affair with the Swede Count Axel von Fersen who played an important role in the attempt to escape from Paris but then the royal family was captured in Varennes A movie La nuit de Varennes 1982 , directed by Ettore Scola with Jean Louis Barrault, Marcello Mastroianni, Hanna Schygulla was made based on this escape to Varennes.In the following pages, the author describes the execution of Louis XVI and the imprisonment of Marie Antoinette in the Conciergerie Her execution is also described and until now, nobody knows where she is buried.Other books related to Marie Antoinette s life 4 Marie Antoinette The Journey by Antonia Fraser which also have a movie version Marie Antoinette 2006 directed by Sofia Coppola, with Kirsten Dunst, Jason Schwartzman, Rip Torn.2 The Hidden Diary of Marie Antoinette by Carolly Erickson.4 Abundance, A Novel of Marie Antoinette by Sena Jeter Naslund.2 Les larmes de Marie Antoinette by Juliette Benzoni A historical mystery book.3 Pintora de la Reina, la Favorita de maria Antoineta by Genevi ve Chauvel The life of Elisabeth Vig e Le Brun 1755 1842 who painted the most famous paintings of Marie Antoinette s family.4 The Queen s Necklace by Alexandre Dumas The fiction version of the affair of the diamond necklace

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